Ancient Roman Marble Capital Fragment
Our Roman capitol fragment in the composite style rests on a steel pedestal. In total it measures 12 1/4 inches (31.1 cm) tall. The capitol alone measures approximately 8 by 6 1/4 by 6 1/2 inches (20.3 by 15.9 by 16.5 cm). There is considerable surface dirt, stains of various colors, and the black patina on the steel stand shows some staining, likely from paper labels or tape. This fragment is very old, at least hundreds of years if not older.
The composite style combines elements of the Ionic and Corinthian orders and is the most elaborate of the ancient styles, with Ionic scrolls angled at the corners and Corinthian acanthus leaves and spouts beside and beneath the scrolls. The columns in this style were typically ten column-widths in height.
The style originated during the Corinthian period in the first century AD, prior to the reign of Augustus. The Arch of Titus in Rome, built 82 AD, is thought to be the first important surviving example of the style.