Rare Antique Polish Sword Sabre Karabela 17th Century Poland
Rare antique, 17th century (circa 1650 A.D.) Polish sword -saber Karabela with a hilt of characteristic Karabela form, which comprised of two carved hardwood grip scales, adorned with brass studs, secured to the tang of the blade with two iron rivets, one deeply placed on the pommel and the second in the middle of the grip and enclosed by brass straps.
The pommel is pierced with a small hole to thread a suspension string through, which can be wrapped around the wrist to prevent the saber from being lost in combat.
A solid brass chubby crossguard with langets and bud-shaped terminals is chiseled on both sides with flower heads within a diamond-shaped cartouche.
Massive, very well hand-forged curved single-edged, sturdy, steel blade, with a pronounced false edge – yelmen cut on each face, with a series of different lengths, wide and narrow fullers, all this is characteristic of the Polish -Hungarian saber blades from the end of the 16th century - early 17th century.
The blade is finely engraved on each side of the forte with foliage and flower heads (matching the flower head on the crossguard).
The sword is in its original wooden scabbard bound in hand-stitched leather, mounted with a large brass locket and chape, and two bands with iron loops for suspension.
1. "Arms and armour" (The Treasures of the Hungarian National Museum) by Ferenc Temesvary. Plate VI. Similar foliage is etched on the late 16th-century Hungarian sword from the Count Sámuel Teleki collection. Also, the fullers on the blade are made in a similar manner, except that the sword from Count Sámuel Teleki's collection is a straight-bladed Pallasch, and this sword has a curved saber blade.
2. A comparable Polish karabela sword with a very similar blade and foliage, described as "Sabre, karabela type, Poland, XVIII century," is published in two Croatian books:
A. UBOJITE OŠTRICE, HLADNO ORUŽJE NA PODRUČJU HRVATSKE OD IX. DO KRAJA XVIII. STOLJEĆA. KATALOG IZLOŽBE. (EDGED WEAPONS FROM 8 - 18 CENTURY in CROATIA) Page. 116. No. 170.
B. MAČEVI, BODEŽI I ORUŽJA NA MOTKI u Istri, Hrvatskoj i Slavoniji od IX. do kraja XVIII. st. (Catalog of an exhibition held at the History Museum in Pula, Croatia, June - August 2005) by Mario Kovac. Page. 90. No.1 19. Description: Sabre, karabela type, Poland, XVIIIth century.
3.Ciecia prawdziwa szabla by Wojciech Zablocki.Page:198 -199,200-201 ,202-203
Polish Karabela swords were made in two versions: a costume parade karabela and a combat karabela. This one is a typical combat karabela sword.
Overall length: 100 cm (39 3/8 inches).
Overall length without the scabbard: 99 cm (39 inches).
Length of the blade: 85.3 cm (33.5 inches).
Width of the blade at the widest point: 4 cm (1.6 in).
The thickness of the blade spine: 8.5 mm (0.35 in).
Age and usage are showing. Hardwood grip scales damaged, lower langets chipped and shortened, brass scabbard fittings with some imperfections (worn and dents). The leather of the scabbard is very dry and chipped.
Please see all 24 pictures in the listing since they are part of the description of the object's condition.
The saber is in good condition considering its age to be over 350 years old.
Antique Polish arms and armor from the 17th and 18th centuries have always been considered the scarcest antique military objects, rarely appearing for sale and almost impossible to acquire.
Unfortunately, with the great demand for authentic Polish arms and armor from the 17th and 18th centuries in the last years, many reproductions appeared on the market, including swords, maces, war hammers, helmets, armor, and the rarest Polish swords - karabela.
These reproductions are made by craftsmen in the USA, Poland, and other Eastern European countries. These objects, in many cases, are very well made and professionally aged, corroded, and damaged to look old, and to inexperienced collectors, they look just like authentic artifacts. But these reproductions have no historical or investment value.
This saber is an example of a rare, authentic antique, a 17th-century Polish sword Karabela, and comes with a certificate of authenticity.
We acquired this sword with other Polish antiques from the old Canadian collection.
We have attached to the listing a photo showing this sword together with other Polish swords from this collection (the second sword from the left). Please see the last picture in the listing.
Please view our store contents to see other rare objects from this collection.